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Calanthe Kozu grex
A hardy orchid from Japan for light shade and humusy soil. Attractive pleated foliage emerges in spring, followed by 25cm high heads of light-caramel flowers with pale-pink lower lips in summer. A hybrid between the hardy C. discolor and the fragrant C. izu-insularis.
Cardamine pratensis 'Edith'
Double white flowered form of the Lady's Smock. 15cm. Moist-ish soil in sun or part shade.
From the Balkans, Waldstein's toothwort makes a tough little April flowering perennial to about 30cm high, with comparatively large white open faced flowers with purple stamen over the bright green trifoliate foliage. Easy in sun or semi-shade if not too dry.
Cardiandra alternifolia subsp. moellendorffii
An herbaceous hydrangea relative from China, forming a clumping perennial with delicate brick-pink lacecap flowers in late summer and autumn. For a humus rich soil in a wind sheltered position. Approx 50cm high.
Cardiocrinum giganteum NJM 12.060 (new)
A new collection from an obscure locality, on the Burmese border of Manipur, NE India at c2000m asl. These will produce, when ready, a giant scape of deliciously scented, densely packed white to greenish-white lily flowers, stained purple in the throat, on stems 2 to 3m high. Cool, rich, humusy soil in part shade.
Cardiocrinum giganteum var. yunnanense
The marvellous Giant lily producing, when ready, a giant scape of deliciously scented, creamy-white lily flowers, stained purple in the throat, and in this Chinese variety, contrasting flower stems stained almost black to about 2m high, and the young heart shaped leaves also tinged bronze. Cool, rich, humusy soil in part shade.
Cardiocrinum giganteum var. yunnanense NJM 11.023 (new)
A new collection from Guizhou, SW China, very near Fanjingshan, where an exceptional form was once found. These should hopefully be as good, producing, when ready, a giant scape of deliciously scented, densely packed creamy-white lily flowers, stained purple in the throat, and contrasting flower stems stained almost black to about 2m high. Cool, rich, humusy soil in part shade.
Cautleya gracilis from Manipur (new)
This small ginger relative, with red and yellow flower spikes in late summer, was found in Manipur on Shirui Peak at 2500m alt. A more delicate looking species than C. spicata, reaching about 60cm. Rich soil, sun/semi-shade
Cautleya gracilis var. gracilis 'Crug Gold'
A form found on the border of Burma and Thailand near the summit of Doi Phohon-Pok. Up to ten golden-yellow long lipped flowers per inflorescence emerge from red bracts atop leafy stems to 80cm tall in late summer. This hardy ginger relative enjoys a semi-shade position in good free draining soil that doesn't get too dry.
Cautleya gracilis var. robusta 'Tenzing's Gold' (new)
A fine form of this hardy ginger relative with more flowers per stem, usually between 15 and 20. Rich yellow flowers from red tinted bracts in late summer on stems to 50cm. The leaves have most attractive deep-red undersides. Enjoys a semi-shade position in good free draining soil that doesn't get too dry. Mulch over in winter if you live on Ben Nevis, but otherwise hardy if not waterlogged in winter.
Cautleya spicata 'Arun Flame'
A collection of this hardy ginger relative from E. Nepal which has the darkest red stems to about 1m tall. Orange flushed rich yellow flowers emerging from deep-red bracts are produced atop the stems July to Sept and the leaf undersides are tinged purple-red. Enjoying a semi-shade position in good free draining soil that doesn't get too dry.
Cautleya spicata 'Crug Canary' (new)
A selection of this very exotic looking, but hardy ginger relative with striking flower spikes in August, borne atop clumps of luscious foliage to about 70cm. Richest orangey-yellow Roscoea like flowers emerge from deep blood-red bracts. Rich soil in semi-shade.
Cautleya spicata 'Robusta'
A very exotic looking, but hardy ginger relative with striking flower spikes in August, borne atop clumps of luscious foliage to about 70cm. Richest orangey-yellow Roscoea like flowers emerge from deep blood-red bracts. Rich soil in semi-shade.
Cautleya spicata lutea
Not scientifically recognised as a variety as such, but horticulturally rather different to 'Robusta' having none of the red pigment in the bracts or pseudostems. Masses of luscious foliage on stems to about 70cm, topped by yellow Roscoea-like flowers emerging from green bracts in August. Quite different. Forms clumps in rich soil in semi-shade.
Deep green, very finely divided leaves form beautiful foliar texture in spring, then broad flat umbels of white flowers rise above in summer. Sun or shade, even very dry shade. A very tough plant which will happily naturalise in wild, and not so wild, parts of the garden.
Centaurea jacea (new)
A native of Europe, including the British Isles, often found in dry meadows and open woodland. Purple-pink knapweed flowers open flat from cones of bronze scales in the height of summer. Makes good clumps of lance shaped foliage, flowering at approx 70cm tall. Beloved of our native insects, this is great for a wild look.
Chamerion (Epilobium) angustifolium var. album
The pure white form of Willow herb, making bold clumps with flowers in summer. Height 1.5m. Sun or part shade. Very elegant.
Chloranthus oldhamii BSWJ 2019
From the mountains of Taiwan, a hardy perennial with upright stems to 50cm bearing whorls of four to six handsome leaves and terminal spikes of scented white flowers that droop down from an upright stem and essentially last for months. For a humus-rich soil in semi-shade.
Chlorophytum nepalense (new)
A collection from the mountains of Nagaland, NE India, this deciduous 'Spider Plant' relative has proved itself completely hardy at Edinburgh Botanic Garden. Retreating underground in winter, this makes a tight clump of linear bright green basal foliage and branched stems to about 60cm tall bearing a continuation of white star like flowers in summer
A plant for moist shade, with large grey-green bristly leaves, which bronze a little in winter, and large red-pink tinted white flowers in spring, lasting for weeks as they set seed. Spreads by runners which emerge heavily washed in deep red, so forming a colony. Great ground-cover and extremely easily removed if spreading too far.
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