Click on any thumbnails to see a larger picture:
A recent and very exciting introduction from China. This lime has distinct foliage that emerges dark crimson, then expands to a deep green with a contrasting pale whitish-grey underside. Leaves are entire, shallowly lobed or dentate, especially on the upper half and flowers are seen in late summer. A tree to 20m in the wild, but could be smaller here; we shall see.
Tilia henryana 'Arnold Select' (new)
A fine selection from the USA of this highly desirable Chinese lime, growing comparatively strongly and upright, with a healthy, full, rounded crown. Very distinct and exceptionally beautiful foliage emerges softly hairy and carmine tinged, expanding to glossy green with very conspicuous bristle like teeth. Autumn flowering with lots of sweetly scented flowers.
Tilia japonica Large leaf form
This material came from China, originally collected in Nanjing, where the mainland population of T. japonica occurs, and looks quite different from the smaller leaved forms of the Japanese type. A small to medium sized hardy tree with fairly broad heart shaped foliage. Masses of scented creamy white flowers in summer.
Tilia japonica Small leaved form
Another of my all time favourite trees, eventually becoming an elegant specimen. This small to medium sized species from E Asia is closely related to our native Small leaved lime, but differs in its beautifully extended leaf tips. Creamy white flowers and bracts are borne in such profusion as to almost cover the foliage in late summer. Easy, hardy, tolerant.
A most handsome lime from NE Asia with really luxuriant, broad foliage: large, heart-shaped, with a slight pewter tinge, downy on expansion and greyish beneath. A specimen of this really stands out in the late Harry Hay's Tilia collection in Surrey. In this country it makes a small to medium sized tree to 15m tall. Very rarely encountered.
A superb Japanese species, though rarely encountered, this is a medium to large tree at maturity with broad, dark-green, deeply veined foliage, hairy above and below, especially on expansion. Very heavily scented flowers cast their fragrance on the wind, travelling a fair distance in my experience. The Tilia of choice for bee keepers in the know. Exceptionally fine.
Tilia mexicana CDR 1318
An attractive hardy species collected in the early 1990s by Compton, D'Arcy and Rix from, wait for it, Mexico. Fast growing, hardy and like most limes is proving to be an elegant beauty. Long drawn out foliage emerges with a deep red tinge and the branches are slightly pendent. Probably a medium sized tree eventually, as were wild plants we found in '06.
Tilia mongolica 'Buda' (new)
Mongolian Lime. A fairly small leaved species, very distinct in having 3--5 lobed, highly serrated leaves, especially on young plants. This attractive feature is enhanced by excellent yellow autumn colour. Scented flowers in summer on a small compact tree with dense, red tinged twigs in winter. This clone is a selection of the true species from Budapest.
Tilia nobilis KR 226
A Keith Rushforth collection from Emei Shan, Sichuan, China. This was found as a tree to about 10m tall with large rounded leaves up to 14cm long. The conspicuous flower bracts are just as long and the fruit are huge (for a Tilia) at up to 1cm long and nearly globose. Slow and steady growth from this one, but hardy and extremely rare to boot.
The real deal; most are wrongly named. An attractive dainty lime, closely related to both Tilia japonica and our native Tilia cordata, this Chinese species differs from both in having ovate leaves with a pronounced oblique base. The leaves are also blessed with an attractive acuminate tip and conspicuous teeth. Scented white flowers in summer.
Tilia tomentosa 'Orbicularis'
A rare lime raised in 1868 from seed collected from T. 'Petiolaris', this is slightly more weeping in habit and has grey, as opposed to silver, undersides to the very glossy leaves. The crown on this large tree is also more conical than 'Petiolaris'. Highly scented flowers in summer. No honeydew problems with this one. This is also known as Tilia x orbicularis.
Tilia tuan var. chenmoui
A recently introduced Chinese lime, this should make a medium sized tree in the UK, with exfoliating bark and very beautiful, comparatively drawn out foliage, softly silvery-grey tomentose above and below on newest growth, retaining it only on the underside. Hardy and late frost resistant. A strong growing specimen from the original intro at Wisley looks very fine.
A striking, hardy, medium sized tree of fast growth and sub-tropical appearance. Large handsome, pinnate leaves, often bronze when young, smooth grey bark and large drooping panicles of fragrant white flowers in late summer. The young leaves and shoots are edible and have a very interesting flavour; widely grown in China as a vegetable. Any ordinary soil.
Toxicodendron sp. (Rhus)
Found at 2500m asl in Far Northern Burma this was a small tree with pinnate foliage and rich red autumn colour. Once part of Rhus, Toxicodendron was split off relatively recently, though some would still treat this as Rhus. Untried for hardiness as yet.
Triadica sebifera (syn. Sapium sebiferum)
The Chinese Tallow Tree is best suited to areas in the British Isles with warmer summers, as it needs to ripen its growth in autumn. Handsome and rather distinctive broadly ovate or rounded, abruptly pointed foliage turns to a truly gorgeous mix of brilliant red, orange and yellow in autumn. Making a small tree with fairly irrelevant flowers. Grows very well in France.
Trochodendron aralioides Taiwanese form (new)
This form is much faster growing than the norm, making a large shrub or small tree with a distinctive and attractive layered growth habit. These are seed raised from a plant selected for red new growth colour. Dark evergreen leaves on spreading branches with fascinating green flowers in erect racemes in May. Very handsome, hardy and easy.
Click on any thumbnails to see a larger picture: